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Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a rare but deadly disease caused by Ebola viruses.  Most cases occur in sub-Saharan Africa and there are ongoing sporadic outbreaks in that area.  At this time, the risk if importation of EVD in California, and in Orange County, is very low.  However, infectious diseases may be encountered in the clinical setting at any time.  Healthcare providers should implement appropriate infection control precautions and personal protective equipment in all settings to prevent contact with blood and body fluids. 

All health care providers should routinely ask patients with acute, possibly infectious illness about recent travel, including international travel.  If there is suspicion of EVD based on travel history and clinical presentation, EVD specific precautions should be taken immediately. 

Ebola is immediately reportable in Orange County, even if the case has not yet been confirmed but is suspected. To report a case, health care providers/facilities should call OCHCA Epidemiology at 714-834-8180.

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Healthcare Professionals

Last reviewed December 3, 2018

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