Major Critical Risk Factors are considered violations that may pose an imminent health hazard and warrant immediate corrections or may require closure of the food facility in order to prevent foodborne illness outbreaks as identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. These include, but are not limited to:
- Improper handwashing and employee hygiene,
- Contaminated food items,
- Improper sanitizing procedures,
- Improper food temperatures, and/or
- Food from unapproved sources
The following violations may also be considered Major violations: adulterated food, prohibited food offered to highly susceptible populations, no water, lack of hot water, sewage, and/or vermin.